In which year did Bukowski wrote Democracy?

Sorry if this has been asked before but I ran a search for it and seemingly it was not.
I would like to know when did this poem came into existence? I guess it either could be an uncollected work that first published in 2004 but yet could have been written in, say 1976 as well as a left over from Love Is a Dog from Hell...

"the problem, of course, isn't the Democratic System,
it's the
living parts which make up the Democratic System.
the next person, you pass on the street,
him or
her by
3 or 4 or 30 or 40 million
and you will know
why things remain non-functional
for most of
(The Pleasures of the Damned, 216: 1-13)


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Bukowski didn't write democracy, John Martin did.

The original poem isn't about democracy, it's about the annihilation of the human race. Written when Reagan was president, right before the end of the cold war, pre-perestroika. If you recall, there was a lot of talk of nuclear war in those days, movies about it, preoccupation with it, protest against it. The poem is talking about a bomb - or bombs - being the "cure" for humanity. There is no mention of the "democratic system" or "political cures."

Martin, as he was known to do, misunderstood it, and rewrote it to fit his misunderstanding. He turned it into a criticism of the democratic system, which it was not. It was a criticism of the system as a whole, something Bukowski wrote about often.





Over 100 posts
Jesus, a truly fucked up poem.
Sometimes I ask myself if there are moments in Martin's life when he is ashamed of himself and knows that he screwed it up.